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小升初英语语法复习总复习(小升初复习)英语介词课件.ppt

1、小学英语总复习,介词,你能正确使用介词吗?,你知道哪些介词?,preposition,介词和名词有什么关系?,介词一般用于名词之前,不能单独作句子成分,必须组成介词词组。e.g. On Monday we went to a supermarket.,我们理一理,Classification:,方位介词,时间介词,方式介词,方位介词,方位是什么?有哪些方位?,上,下,左,右,里,外,In English,英语中有哪些介词可以表示方位?,表示上面,下面,里面:on, under, in, over表示前,后,中间:in front of, behind, between表示相邻,旁边: near

2、, beside, next to,on, under, in, over,on:在上面,over:在上方,under:在下面,in:在里面,练一练:translate sentences,1.电脑在书桌上面。The computer is on the desk.2. 墙上有一面镜子。There is a mirror on the wall.3. 你在哪里呢?我在房间里。Where are you? Im in the room.4. 看!球在椅子下面。Look! The ball is under the chair.5. 河上面有一座桥。There is a bridge over t

3、he river.,in front of, behind, between,in front of:在前面,behind:在后面,between:在两者之间,注意:between表示在之间,但仅仅是两者之间。between还有抽象的用法。,near, beside, next to,near:在附近(有距离),beside:与紧挨着(通常是左右),Next to:与相邻(通常有顺序关系),我的座位在门旁边。My seat is near the door.,那条公路紧挨着河流。The road is beside the river.,练一练:请用in front of, behind, b

4、etween 和near, beside, next to描述教室中人,物之间的方位关系。,e.g. 赵老师在墙壁前面。Mr. Zhao is in front of the wall.,徒手操游戏(Free standing exercises),1. 一手握拳,一手摊开2. 说on时,握拳的手放在摊开的手上;3. 说in时,摊开的手包住握拳的手;4. 说under时,握拳的手放在摊开的手下;5. 说beside时,握拳的手放在摊开的手旁边;6. 说behind时,握拳的手放在摊开的手后;7. 说between时,摊开两手放在头边。,Game Time,The cat is behind t

5、he fish bowl.,时间介词,表示在什么时候早上,下午,晚上,6点,20点,at in onafter before for fromto,at in on,At:某一时间点,John goes to school at 8 oclock everyday.,7:00 10:00 16:00 18:00,in:表示“在期间”。用于week,month,season,year,morning,afternoon,evening等前面。,十二个month分别是?January,February,March,April,May,June,July,August,September,Octob

6、er,November,December.,四个season是?Spring, summer, fall (autumn), winter.,有福利哦!,练一练 Translate Chinese into English,1.晚上我要去拜访我阿姨。In the evening, Im going to visit my aunt.2.在秋天,农民伯伯可以摘苹果。In autumn farmers can pick apples.3.你什么时候生日?我的生日在2月。When is your birthday? My birthday is in February.4.星期一,我没吃早饭。On

7、Monday,I did not eat breakfast.In Monday, I did not eat breakfast.,on: 表示在具体某一天或某一天的早上,下午,晚上。,1.在假期里你都做了些什么?What did you do on your holiday?2.我们2月1日离开北京,2日达到哈尔滨。We left Beijing on February 1st and got to Harbin on the 2nd.3.星期一晚上,我们去了超市。On Monday evening, we went to the supermarket.,after before for

8、 fromto,1. before/after 表示在某个时间段前/后。Let us go for a walk dinner.Let us wash hands lunch.2. for 加一段时间笔直走大约5分钟。Go straight for about five minutes.3. from 表示从某时间开始。to 表示在某时间结束。春天从3月开始到5月结束。Spring is from March to May.,after,before,方式介词: by, with, in,by+交通工具(transportation),你知道那些交通工具?In Englishbike, mot

9、orbike, train, car, plane, taxi, cab, underground, subway, bus, boat, ship.,有福利哦!,表达方法:go to+地方+by+交通工具,On foot=walk,吴一凡和他的朋友一起踢足球。Wu Yifan plays football with his friends.with+人=和在一起用刀切。Cut with the knife.with+物=用某种工具或方法play+ with +物=玩什么play with computerplay with snow,介词with的用法,介词in除了表示“在里面”还有什么用法

10、?in+某种语言你知道那些语言?English, French, Japanese, Chinese, German, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Russian,in+颜色 表示“穿颜色的衣服”请你观察教室里的同学,用“in+颜色”描述他(她)。,练一练,想一想,1. 他为我的姑姑写电视剧。He writes the TV show my aunt.2. 你晚餐喜欢吃些什么?What would you like dinner?3. 生日快乐!这是送给你的。Happy birthday! It is you.,for,for,for,For 表示为某人或某物。

11、,Some固定搭配laugh at how about you? put on, take off get on, get off,当堂练习1读一读,圈出合适的介词Whats this (at, on, in) English? Its a dictionary.Christmas is (at, on, in) the 25th of December.The man (with, on, in) black is Su Hais fatherLook at those birds (on, in) the tree.We are going to meet (at, on, in) the

12、 bus stop (at, on, in) half past ten.6. There is a bridge (on, over, in) the river.7. Tom is (between, behind, in front of) Jack and David.,Keys: 1. in 2. on 3. in 4. on 5. at, at 6.over 7. between,当堂练习2读一读,选一选I water the sprout and put it _ the sun.under B. on C. in D. atLook at that girl _ red.in

13、B. for C. of D. withWe have music class _ Monday morning.A. for B. on C. in D. atPlease go to the cinema _ us.A. for B. of C. to D. with5. I go to school _ foot. He goes to school _ bike.in, by B. on, by C. in, with D. on, withThe first astronaut landed on the moon _ 1968.on B. in C. at D./We have c

14、lasses _ 8:00 a.m. _ 3:00 p.m. every day.from, to B. at, at C. from, at D. at, to,当堂练习3读一读,填一填(发福利!)on off at about into for to,Please listen _ me carefully.They are laughing _ Johns funny goal.Put _ your sweater. Today is cold.It is time _ breakfast.Its so hot today. Take _ your coat.Id like some potatoes and juice. How _ you?7. The dog jumped _ the lake and returned the kite to me.,

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