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小升初英语语法复习计划课件.ppt

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1、小升初英语复习计划,2,知识点梳理,现阶段英语学习的基本构成: 字母的书写规范音标、语音词汇句型语法知识,字母,1.书写口诀:大写字母占两格,上格、中格不顶格,小写字母看清格,书写注意占满格(t ,f除外)。2、字母的笔顺 。3、元音字母 。(有几个?分别是哪些?对前面的冠词有什么要求?)4、字母的大写。(什么情况下单词的首字母需要大写?句子开头要大写;5、字母的缩略词,4,音标、语音,音标,英语国际音标表(48个)元音(20个)长元音/:/?:/?:/i:/U:/短元音/?/?/?/?/?/e/双元音/e?/a?/?/?/e?/?/?/a?/辅音(28个)轻辅音/p/t/k/f/s/浊辅音/

2、b/d/g/v/z/轻辅音/?/h/ts/t?/tr/浊辅音/?/r/dz/d?/dr/鼻音/m/n/?/半元音/j/w/边音/?/,5,英语音标及字母组合对照,1.元音: 1) i: 字母组合 : ee ea e ie ei (eo ey i) three tree green sheep meet beef see seek eat tea meat leave lead teacher team mean speak clean please he she 2) I 发音字母 : i y e sit picture it is list six mix fix fit pig big b

3、uild miss many twenty happy dictionary defeatdecidedelicious,3)发音字母:a baghandandanthappyhatmapmadbadblackbackglad 4)e字母组合: eaea(ue,u,ie,ai,ei,ay) headbreadpleasure elephantelectricremembersellbetter beddeskhotelyesmanyany 5):字母组合 : irureareror girlshirtskirtthirtythirteenthirdbird turnburnlearn earn

4、earthheard earn earth heard term work worm work world,6,6) 字母组合: er or ou ar o a e u teacher leader remember player speaker farmer powder doctor actor delicious pleasure familiar collar dollar together tomorrow today lesson Washington polite around account ago elephant banana Canada,7)a:字母组合ara carf

5、armcardarmgardenfastclasslastglassplantauntcalm8)?发音字母uoouoo upsupperlunchfungunhuntcupbuscomemotherdose 9)?:字母组合alorauourar smallwalltalktallhallballcallwalkshortmorelordhorseforboxmophoplosscollarnotwantwashwatch11)u:字母组合ooou foodmoonroomgloombroomdoomgoosetoothshoedotwo truetruthbluefull,7,词汇,词的分

6、类:名词动词代词形容词副词介词冠词数词,8,名词,名词的定义可数名词复数的变化规则1一般情况下,直接加-s,如: book-books, bag-bags, cat-cats, bed-beds2以s. x. sh. ch结尾,加-es, 如: bus-buses, box-boxes, brush-brushes, watch-watches3以“辅音字母 y”结尾,变y为i, 再加-es,(小宝宝去了乡村的工厂) 如:family-families, strawberry-strawberries,名词是表示人,事物,地点等名称(可数&不可数),9,4以“f或fe”结尾,变f或fe为v,

7、再加-es,口诀:妻子持刀去宰狼,吓的小偷发了荒躲在架后保己命,半片树叶遮目光 如:knife-knives leafleaves5以o结尾,有生命加es,(口诀:英雄和黑奴喜欢吃土豆 和西红柿)无生命加s.(photo-photos) 6.不规则名词复数: man-men, woman-women, child-children;foot-feet; tooth-teeth,fish-fish, people-people,Chinese-Chinese, Japanese-Japanese;deer-deer; sheep-sheep,10,动词,动词按照用法,可以分为及物动词和不及物动词

8、及物动词:后面可以直接加宾语,不需要介词。如: want,take,open,close,play不及物动词:后面不能直接加宾语,如果要加宾语,必须先加介词,构成:vi+prep+object.如:speak,look,listen,11,练习I _him _ this _ her _ watch _ child _photo _diary _day_ foot_ book_ dress _ tooth_ sheep _ box_ strawberry _thief _you _ peach_ sandwich _man_ woman_ paper_ juice_water_ milk_ ri

9、ce_ tea_,12,代词人称代词和物主代词的区别,1、人称代词主格和宾格的区别:主格通常位于句中第一个动词之前(有时候位于than 之后),宾格一般位于动词或介词之后。2、物主代词形容词性与名词性的区别:形容词性用时后面一般要带上名词,名词性则单独使用,后面不带名词。,13,代词及Be动词的用法,I,me,14,练习,用所给词的适当形式填空。1.That is not _kite. That kite is very small, but _is very big.( I )2.The dress is _. Give it to _( she ) 3._is my brother. _

10、name is Jack. Look! Those stamps are_ ( he )4.I can find my toy, but wheres _? ( you )5.Show _ your kite, OK? (they),15,用am,is,are填空。1. That _ my red skirt. 2. Who _ I? 3.The jeans _ on the desk. 4. The black gloves _for Su Yang. 5. This pair of gloves _ for Yang Ling. 6. The two cups of milk _ for

11、me. 7. Some tea _ in the glass.,16,形容词和副词 形容词比较级在句子中的运用:两个事物或人的比较用比较级,比较级后面一般带有单词than。比较级前面可以用more, a little 来修饰表示程度。than后的人称代词用主格(口语中可用宾格)。,少数以-er,-ow结尾的双音节词可加-er或-est,17,不规则变化,good/well-better,bestbad/ill-worse,worstmany/much-more,mostlittle-less,leastfar-farther/further,farthest/furthestold-older

12、/elder,oldest/eldest,18,练习,一、写出下列形容词或副词的比较级 short_strong_ big_ small_fat_ thin_heavy_ light_nice_ good_ beautiful_low_high_ slow_fast_late_early_ far_ well_二、根据句意填入单词的正确形式:1. My brother is two years _(old) than me.2. Tom is as _(fat) as Jim.3. Is your sister _(young) than you? Yes, she is.4. Who is _(thin), you or Helen? Helen is.,19,5._Nancy sing _(well) than Helen? Yes, she _. 6.Fangfang is not as _(tall) as the other girls. 7.My eyes are _(big) than _ (she)8.Who gets up _(early), Tim or Tom? 9._the girls get up _(early) than the boys? No, th

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